Lipid’Nutri+ n°22 : july-august 2014
Primary prevention of cardiovascular disease with a Mediterranean diet : The PREDIMED study
The Predimed study is a large randomized trial aimed to assess the effects of the Mediterranean diet in the primary prevention of chronic diseases. It was launched in 2003 and for almost five years 7,447 volunteers with a high cardiovascular risk have participated to help more than 90 researchers to determine if the Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra virgin olive oil or nuts prevents the occurrence of cardiovascular disease, compared to a low fat diet. The final results were recently published and showed that the Mediterranean diet car reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease by 30%.
In addition, it provided evidence on the benefit of the Mediterranean diet in the prevention of various chronic diseases, such as diabetes, cancer, hypertension and neurodegenerative diseases. The results support the benefits of the Mediterranean diet for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease.
Instituto de la Grasa (IG-CSIC), Av. Padre Garcia Tejero, 4. 41012 Seville (Spain)